Tucker Prairie Flora

This list includes some of the species of prairie plants that have been found on Tucker Prairie.

Tropicos list: For a list of species found at Tucker Prairie catalogued in the Tropicos database, go to the Specimen Search page on Tropicos and click on the “Advanced Search” link (to the right of the Collector Name and Number boxes). In the Advanced Search form, enter United States for Country, Missouri for Upper Political, and Callaway for Lower Political. In the keyword field, enter Tucker [without quote marks]. It will return a list of specimens marked for Tucker Prairie. This is what is currently in Tropicos.

For assistance in identification, we suggest Missouri Wild Flowers, by Edgar Denison; Steyermark’s Flora of Missouri (Vols. I & II) by George Yatskievych (both published by the Missouri Department of Conservation), and The Grasses of Missouri (2nd ed.) by Clair Kucera (University of Missouri Press).

Each species has a characteristic flowering season, which is marked on the list by Sp for spring (April to mid-June), Su for summer (mid-June to mid-August), and F for fall (mid-August to October).

Some woody forest and forest-edge species are not listed.

Common Name Scientific Name Season
Acanthus Family  Acanthaceae
Wild petunia Ruellia humilis Su
Arrow leaf Family Alismataceae
Water plantain Alisma subcordatum Su
Sessilefruit Arrowhead Sagittaria rigida Su
Cashew Family Anacardiaceae
Smooth sumac Rhus glabra Sp
Winged sumac Rhus copallinum Sp
Poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans Sp
Parsley Family Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)
Water hemlock Cicuta maculata Su
Queen Anne’s lace Daucus carota Su-F
Rattlesnake master Eryngium yuccifolium Su
Canadian black snakeroot Sanicula canadensis Su
Dogbane Family Apocynaceae
Indian hemp Apocynum cannabinum Sp
Milkweed Family Asclepiadaceae
Tall green Milkweed Asclepias hirtella Su
Purple milkweed Asclepias purpurascens Su
Prairie milkweed Asclepias sullivantii Su
Common milkweed Asclepias syriaca Su
Butterflyweed Asclepias tuberosa ssp. interior Su
Whorled milkweed Asclepias verticillata Su
x Family Asphodelaceae
Orange Day-lily Hemerocallis fulva Su
Sunflower Family Asteraceae (Compositae)
Yarrow Achillea millefolium Su
Common ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Su
Lanceleaf ragweed Ambrosia bidentata Su
Field Pussytoes Antennaria neglecta Sp
Bearded Beggarticks Bidens aristosa Su
Groovestem Indian plantain Arnoglossum plantagineum (Cacalia plantaginea) Sp-Su
Tall thistle Cirsium altissimum Su
Bull thistle Cirsium vulgare  Su-F
Dwarf Horseweed Conyza ramosissima Sp
Prairie Coreopsis Coreopsis palmata Su
American burnweed Erechtites hieracifolius Su
Eastern daisy Fleabane Erigeron annuus Sp
Canadian Horseweed Erigeron canadensis Sp
Prairie Fleabane Erigeron strigosus Sp
Common boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum Su
Late Flowering Thoroughwort Eupatorium  serotinum Su
Flat-top Goldentop Euthamia graminifolia (Solidago graminifolia) Su
Texas Goldentop Euthamia gymnospermoides (Solidago gymnospermoides) F
Purplehead sneezeweed Helenium flexuosum Su
Sawtooth sunflower Helianthus grosseserratus Su
Hairy sunflower Helianthus hirsutus Su
Cheerful Sunflower Helianthus x laetiflorus Su
Ashy sunflower Helianthus mollis F
Stiff sunflower Helianthus pauciflorus Su-F
Pale-leaved woodland sunflower Helianthus strumosus F
Hairy Hawkweed Hieracium longipilum Su
Two-flower dwarf dandelion Krigia biflora Sp-Su
Canada lettuce Lactuca canadensis Su
Prickly lettuce Lactuca serriola Su
Ox-eye daisy Leucanthemum vulgare Sp-Su
Prairie Blazing star Liatris pycnostachya Su
Wild Quinine Parthenium integrifolium Su
Rough Rattlesnake root Prenanthes aspera Su
Rabbit-tobacco Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium Su
Carolina desert-chicory Pyrrhopappus carolinianus Su
Black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta v. pulcherrima Su
Balsam groundsel Packera paupercula (Senecio pauperculus) Sp-Su
Wholeleaf Rosinweed Silphium integrifolium Su
Compass plant Silphium laciniatum Su
Missouri goldenrod Solidago missouriensis v. fasciculata F
Gray goldenrod Solidago nemoralis F
White Heath aster Symphyotrichum ericoides F
New England aster Symphyotrichum novae-angliae F
Late purple aster Symphyotrichum patens F
Hairy white oldfield aster Symphyotrichum pilosum F
Willow-leaf aster Symphyotrichum praealtum F
Baldwin’s Ironweed Vernonia baldwinii Su
Missouri Ironweed Vernonia missurica Su-F
Touch-me-not Family Balsaminaceae
Jewelweed Impatiens capensis Sp-Su
Borage Family Boraginaceae
Spring forget-me-not Myosotis verna Sp
Mustard Family Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)
Garden Yellow rocket Barbarea vulgaris Sp
Black mustard Brassica nigra Sp
Sand Bittercress Cardamine parvifiora v. arenicola Sp
Bellflower Family Campanulaceae
American Bellflower Campanula americana Su
Clasping Venus’ looking glass Triodanis perfoliata Sp-Su
Pale Spiked lobelia Lobelia spicata Su
Honeysuckle Family Caprifoliaceae
American Black Elderberry Sambucus nigra ssp. Su
Coralberry Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Su
Pink Family Caryophyllaceae
Big Chickweed Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare Sp
Deptford pink Dianthus armeria Su
Sleepy Silene Silene antirrhina Sp-Su
Staff-Tree Family Celastraceae
Burningbush Euonymous atropurpureus Sp
Goose Foot Family Chenopodiaceae
Lamb’s quarters Chenopodium album Sp-F
St. John’s-wort Family Clusiaceae
Nits and lice Hypericum drummondii Su
Dwarf St. John’s wort Hypericum mutilum Su
Spotted St. John’s wort Hypericum punctatum Su
Day Flower Family Commelinaceae
Ohio Spiderwort Tradescantia ohiensis Sp
Morning-glory Family Convolvulaceae
Rope Dodder Cuscuta glomerata Su-F
Dogwood Family  Cornaceae
Gray dogwood Cornus racemosa Sp
Cedar Family Cupressaceae
Eastern red cedar Juniperus virginiana Sp
Sedge Family Cyperceae
Eastern narrowleaf Sedge Carex amphibola Sp
Yellow fruit Sedge Carex annectans v. xantlwcarpa Sp
Bicknell’s Sedge Carex bicknellii Sp
Shortbeak Sedge Carex brevior Sp
Bush’s Sedge Carex bushii Sp
Oval-leaf Sedge Carex  cephalophora Sp
Hirsute Sedge Carex complanata Sp
Openfield Sedge Carex conoidea Sp
Fescue Sedge Carex festucacea Sp
Inflated narrow-leaf Sedge Carex grisea Sp
Fuzzy wuzzy Sedge Carex hirsutella Sp
Mead’s Sedge Carex meadii Sp
Broom Sedge Carex scoparia Sp
Squarerosa Sedge Carex squarrosa Sp
Hairyfruit Sedge Carex trichocarpa Sp
Strawcolored flat Sedge Cyperus strigosus Sp
Slender Spike rush Eleocharis tenuis var.  verrucosa Sp
Wolf’s Spike rush Eleocharis wolfii Sp
Common Bulrush Scirpus atrovirens Sp
Rufous Bulrush Scirpus pendulus Sp
Whip Nutrush Scleria triglomerata Sp
Teasel Family Dipsacaceae
Fuller’s teasel Dipsacus fullonum Su-F
Cutleaf teasel Dipsacus laciniatus Su-F
Spurge Family Euphorbiaceae
Virginia Threeseeded mercury Acalypha virginica Su
Eyebane Euphorbia nutans Su
Flowering spurge Euphorbia corollata Su
Mimosa Family Fabaceae (Mimosaceae)
Nuttall’s Sensitive-briar Mimosa quadrivalvis v. nuttallii (Schrankia uncinata) Su
Illinois bundleflower Desmanthus illinoensis Su
Cassia Family Fabaceae (Caesalpinaceae)
Partridge pea Chamaecrista fasciculata Su
Pea family Fabaceae (Papilionaceae)
Lead plant Amorpha canescens Su
Largeleaf wild indigo Baptisia alba v. macrophylla Sp
Longbract wild indigo Baptisia bracteata v. leucophaea Sp
Arrowhead rattlebox Crotolaria sagittalis Su
Illinois ticktrefoil Desmodium illinoense Su
Korean lespedeza Kummerowia stipulacea (Lespedeza stipulaceae) Su
Roundhead lespedeza Lespedeza capitata Su
Slender lespedeza Lespedeza virginica Su
White sweet clover Melilotus albus Sp
Sweet clover Melilotus officinalis Sp
Sampson’s snakeroot Orbexilum pedunculatum (Psoralea psoralioides)  Su
Amberique-bean Strophostyles helvola Su
Field clover Trifolium campestre Sp
Red clover Trifoium pratense Sp
White clover Trifolium repens Sp
Gentian Family Gentianaceae
Downy gentian Gentiana puberulenta F
Rosepink Sabatia angularis Su
Geranium Family Geraniaceae
Carolina geranium Geranium carolinianum Su
Iris Family lridaceae
White blue-eyed grass Sisyrinchium albidum Sp
Narrowleaf blue-eyed grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium Sp
Prairie blue-eyed grass Sisyrinchium campestre Sp
Rush Family  Juncaceae
Inland rush Juncus interior Su
Grassleaf rush Juncus marginatus Sp
Poverty rush Juncus tenuis Sp
Torrey’s rush Juncus torreyi Sp
Mint Family  Lamiaceae
American water horehound Lycopus americanus Su
Wild bergamot Monardafistulosa ssp. fistulosa Su
Common self-heal Prunella vulgaris v. vulgaris Su
Narrowleaf mountain mint Pycnanthemum  tenuifolium Su
Canada germander Teucrium canadense Su
Lily Family Liliaceae
White fawnlily Erythronium  albidum Sp
Midland fawnlily Erythronium mesochoreum Sp
Yellow star-grass Hypoxis hirsute Sp
Michigan lily Lilium michiganense Su
Virginia bunchflower Melanthium virginicum Su
Flax Family Linaceae Flax
Stiff yellow flax Linum medium v. texanum Su
Grooved flax Linum sulcatum Su
Loosestrife Family  Lythraceae
Winged Lythrum Lythrum alatum v. alatum Su
Evening Primrose Family Onagraceae
Scarlet beeblossom Oenothera suffrutescens (Gaura coccinea) Su
Seedbox Ludwigia alternifolia Su
Common evening primrose Oenothera biennis Su
Hairy evening primrose Oenothera villosa Su
Orchid Family  Orchidaceae
Green fringed orchid Platanthera lacera Su
Nodding lady’s tresses Spiranthes cernua F
Great plains lady’s tresses Spiranthes magnicamporum Sp
Wood Sorrel Family  Oxalidaceae
Common yellow oxalis Oxalis stricta Sp
Violet wood sorrel Oxalis violacea Sp
Pokeweed Family  Phytolaccaceae
American pokeweed Phytolacca Americana Su
Plantain Family   Plantaginaceae
Large bracted-plantain Plantago aristata Sp-Su-F
Woolly plantain Plantago patagonica Sp-Su
Virginia plantain Plantago virginica Sp
Grass Family Poaceae (Gramineae)
Redtop Agrostis gigantea Su
Winter bentgrass Agrostis hyemalis Sp
Carolina foxtail Alopecurus carolinianus Su
Big bluestem Andropogon gerardii F
Little bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium F
Prairie threeawn Aristida oligantha Su
Bald brome Bramus racemosus Sp
Sweet woodreed Cinna arundinacea Su
Orchardgrass Dactylis glomerata Sp
Poverty oatgrass Danthania spicata Sp
Rough barnyard grass Echinochloa  muricata Su
Canada wild rye Elymus canadensis Su
Tufted lovegrass Eragrostis pectinacea Su
Purple lovegrass Eragrostis spectabilis Su
Clustered fescue Festuca paradoxa Sp
Fowl manna grass Glyceria striata Sp
Little barley Hordeum pusillum Sp
Prairie June grass Koeleria macrantha Sp
Rice cutgrass Leersia oryzoides Su
Whitegrass Leersia virginica Su
Wirestem muhly Muhlenbergia frondosa F
Inland muhly Muhlenbergia glabrifloris F
Tapered rosette grass Dichanthelium acuminatum var. acuminatum Sp-Su
Deer tongue Dichanthelium  clandestinum Sp-Su
Fall panic grass Panicum dichotomiflorum Sp-Su
Scribner’s panic grass Dichanthelium oligosanthes v. scribnerianum Su
Redtop panic grass Panicum rigidulum Sp-Su
Switch grass Panicum virgatum F
Field paspalum Paspalum laeve F
Thin paspalum Paspalum setaceum F
Timothy Phleum pratense Sp
Canada bluegrass Poa compressa Sp
Kentucky bluegrass Poa pratensis Sp
Yellow foxtail Setaria glauca Su-F
Marsh bristlegrass Setaria parviflora
Green bristlegrass Setaria viridis Su-F
Indiangrass Sorghastrum nutans F
Prairie cordgrass Spartina pectinata Su
Prairie wedgescale Sphenopholis obtusata Sp
Prairie dropseed Sporobolus heterolepis F
Purpletop tridens Tridens flavus Su-F
Sixweeks fescue Vulpia octoflora Sp
Milkwort Family  Polygalaceae
Purple milkwort Polygala sanguinea Su
Whorled milkwort Polygala verticillata Su
Buckwheat Family  Polygonaceae
Prostrate knotweed Polyganum aviculare Su-F
Dotted smartweed Persicaria punctata Su-F
Common sheep sorrel Rumex acetosella Su-F
Curly dock Rumex crispus Sp
Primrose Family  Primulaceae
Chaffweed Anagallis minima Sp
Eastern shooting star Dodecatheon meadia Sp
Fringed loosestrife Lysimachia ciliata Su
Lanceleaf loosestrife Lysimachia lanceolata Su
Crowfoot Family Ranunculaceae
Littleleaf buttercup Ranunculus abortivus Sp
Rock buttercup Ranunculus micranthus Sp
Buckthom Family Rhamnaceae
New Jersey tea Ceanothus americanus Sp
Rose Family Rosaceae
Harvest lice Agrimonia parviflora F
Cockspur hawthorn Crataegus  crus-galli Sp
Downy hawthorn Crataegus mollis Sp
Virginia strawberry Fragaria virginiana Sp
White avens Geum canadense Sp
Spring avens Geum vernum Sp
Paradise apple Malus pumila (M. communis) Sp
Sulphur cinquefoil Potentilla recta Sp
Common cinquefoil Potentilla simplex Sp
American plum Prunus americana Sp
Carolina rose Rosa carolina Su
Northern dewberry Rubus flagellaris Su
Pennsylvania blackberry Rubus pensilvanicus Sp
Madder Family  Rubiaceae
Common buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Su
Poor Joe Diodia teres Su
Sticky willow Galium aparine Su
Bedstraw Galium circaezans v. circaezans Sp
Shining bedstraw Galium concinnum Sp
Bluntleaf bedstraw Galium obtusum ssp. obtusum Sp
Stiff marsh bedstraw Galium tinctorium Su
Southwest bedstraw Galium virgatum Sp
Sandalwood Family Santalaceae
Bastard toadflax Comandra umbellata Sp
Saxifrage Family Saxifragaceae
Richardson’s alum root Heuchera richardsonii Sp
Figwort Family Scrophulariaceae
Beach false foxglove Agalinis fasciculate F
Scarlet paintbrush Castilleja coccinea Sp-Su
Foxglove beard tongue Penstemon digitalis Su
Common mullein Verbascum thapsus Su
Neckweed Veronica peregrina Sp
Culver’s root Veronicastrum virginicum Su-F
Nightshade Family Solanaceae
Ground Cherry Physalis heterophylla Su
Ground Cherry Physalis virginiana Su
Horse Nettle Solanum carolinense Su
Cat-tail Family Typhaceae
Broadleaf Cattail Typha latifolia Su
Elm Family Ulmaceae
American elm Ulmus americana Sp
Common hackberry Celtis occidentalis v. occidentalis Sp
Valerian Family Valerianaceae
Beaked corn salad Valerianella radiata Sp
Vervain Family Verbenaceae
Swamp verbena Verbena hastata Su
White vervain Verbena urticifolia Su
Violet Family Violaceae
Arrowleaf violet Viola sagittata Sp
Additional taxa:
prairie crab apple Malus ioensis
tall goldenrod Solidago altissima
Small head aster Symphyotrichum parviceps
Field pansy Viola bicolor